Diving Patterns Cassie Anderson

Metapatterns-Diving
Spheres: Fulcrum, rotations of somersaults, duraflex diving boards

Tubes: Hurdle, pushing off of the board, impact of pressure taking off of the board, the positioning when landing in the water, the structure of the diving board frame

Sheets: The layout of the individual dive. Each dive is made up of multiple steps that are seen as sheets and steps towards the end of the dive.

Layers: Coaching aspect, the additional training (belts, trampoline, dryland, visualization, watching tapes, modeling, weights)

Borders and Pores: The water and board, the railings, the limitations of your ability, swimsuit, bubbler system (air bubbles from the bottom of the pool that raise to the surface and break water tension-creating a less painful impact if landed on the water flat).
(Voellmecke)

Centers: (What attracts us) love and passion, enjoyment of learning, furthering knowledge and expertise, advancing in a competition, social interaction with teammates.

Binaries: Mental determination between self and the physical part of diving, making a change in a dive that causes stress and fear of change.

Arrows: Momentum and direction of dive due to pressure amount and body placement on diving board, progression in dive difficulty (going from one somersault to 2 somersaults), relationship between self and spatial awareness, relationship between coach and athlete or the relationship between two synchronized divers.
(Squire)

Breaks: Progression into harder dives, conflicts between training and coaching styles, conflict between self and goals.

Time-Calendars: Attending the same meets every year, being coached by the same person, competing with the same people yearly, practice being at the same time every day.

Cycles: Similarities in workouts, the direction of the somersaults, practice being at the same time day to day, training with the same people, same corrections day to day, attending the same competitions annually.
(Batangan)

Clusters: Same people training on the same diving board day to day, repetition of same positions, similar training or coaching styles, workouts can cluster in the same diving groups each day (Ex: doing all front take offs-front dive, front flip)
(Keyword Pictures)

Gradients: The constant change in difficulty of dive, the challenge of having new competitors and teammates each year, mentality becoming more challenging, outside aspects of life affecting the daily challenges of practice.

Triggers: Excitement of achieving a new dive or making a new change within a dive, getting a high score at a dive meet, placing well in a meet, and watching others get better can trigger you to achieve more.

Rigidity-Flexibility: Strength being used against the diving board, timing with the movement of the diving board to get the maximum amount of height, the make-up of the diving board and stand which can give different depth to the dive, flexibility of the individual diving.

Webs: social connections made with coaches and competitors, the mental blocks faced when having to make change with dives, each dive connects with another, each dive has a point of difficulty level (each dive varies difficulty).

Emergence: Patterns of bad technique (ex: having your feet separate and not pointing them together), fear can emerge, so can conflict with coaches and self.
(PHOTOSHOT)

Science of Diving
Springboard diving has many elements of science. A lot of diving has to deal with energy. Energy is transferred from the diver pressing the diving board down and the energy that is stored from the divers push is then shifted over into the diving board pushing the diver up into the air. (Wang, 2008)
Another factor of science is the fulcrum of a diving board. A fulcrum is a wheel that is located in the middle of the diving board that gives the board more or less bounce. The fulcrum rotates towards the end of the board by the spinning motion directed by the diver’s feet allowing for the board to have less bounce and more resistance. If the fulcrum is rotated towards the end of the board the diving board has more bounce and less resistance. With the weight of the diver and the positioning of the fulcrum it gives the diver momentum and the maximum amount of energy. Mathematical equations can be, used to find the time of the diving board going down and then up when movement is directed by the athlete.
Science can be incorporated with a lot of mathematical equations and formulas that can be taught to older kids and incorporated into story problems. Science also incorporates a lot of physics. There are rotations and inertia elements of diving which can also be calculated through formulas and incorporated in the classroom. (UNC-CH)
Taking a step back from diving you could also look into the science of water. What water is made up of and its elements. Diving has many elements of science some directly linked towards diving and some that are a little further away that can help kids understand more of the patterns.

Social Sciences of Diving
The sport of diving has many social science aspects. You can look into the history of diving and how the technique has changed throughout the years and how those Metapatterns play a part to it. A timeline of diving could be incorporated, addressing the origin of diving and how historical factors affected the Olympics throughout the years. The United States have also had several Americans that have taken home gold medals and you can look into bibliographies of these people. The acceptance of women within athletics incorporated in Title 9 is a major social factor to diving.

Art of Diving
The art of diving can have many emotional triggers whether physical or non-physical. Through watching or diving yourself there can be many different creative representations taken from it. The art of diving is shown in museums such as the International Swimming Hall of fame located in Fort Lauderdale, Florida. These museums have pictures and sculptures of others artistic interpretations of water sports throughout our history. (ISHOF)

Architecture and Design of Diving
The design of springboard and platform diving boards is key to the sport of diving. Patterns of materials and structures of platforms are important. You have to look into the sturdiness and accuracy of the structure and its ability to give the athlete the best performance. You can incorporate the accuracy of structures into classrooms and how if they are not the same they can have different implementations on an athlete’s performance. You also have to make sure that the design of the diving boards fit to regulations of the sport.

Works Cited

Keyword Pictures.
Batangan, K. CoachCashMoney's Photostream.
ISHOF. (n.d.). International Swimming Hall of Fame. Retrieved from http://www.ishof.org/
PHOTOSHOT. Pavlo Rozenber. London 2012. The Telegraph, London.
Squire, J. Getty Images.
UNC-CH, P. 2. (n.d.). The Physics of Springboard and Platform Diving. Retrieved from http://www.unc.edu/~lahol/
Voellmecke, S. Double Taper. Anatomy of a Dueaflex Diving Board.
Wang, Q. (2008). The springboard diving techniques analysis. International Journal of Sports Science and Engineering, 1-8.

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